Congress has used its power under the Trade Clause to regulate interstate gambling, international gambling, and relations between the United States and. A gaming control board (GCB), also called by several names, including gambling control board, casino control board, gaming board and gaming commission, is a government agency charged with regulating casino and other types of games in a defined geographical area, usually a state, and enforcing the gaming law in general. In general, one type of gambling is illegal in Connecticut unless specifically permitted by law. The Department of Consumer Protection's (DCP) Gaming Division regulates all legal gambling in the state.
Federal, state and local law enforcement authorities are responsible for enforcing laws relating to illegal gambling. It is illegal for a non-profit organization to hold an event without an appropriate permit or for a for-profit organization to operate without a proper license. In some cases, Gaming Control Boards are responsible for enforcing the rules and regulations they create. The Gaming Compliance Division (DGE) is a law enforcement agency and the research arm of the casino regulatory system responsible for enforcing the Casino Control Act.
Native American casinos are subject to the provisions of the Indian Gambling Regulatory Act, which is enforced by the National Gambling Commission of India (NIGC). Hearing of the House Committee on the Judiciary on Establishing Consistent Enforcement Policies in the Context of Online Gambling, 110th Cong. In other cases, an independent body or division of the Gambling Control Board performs the enforcement function. To combat the challenges related to online gambling, Congress passed the Illegal Enforcement of Internet Gambling Act If passed, the Regulation and Enforcement of Internet Gambling Act and the Regulation and Enforcement of Taxes on Internet Gambling Act would license, regulate and would tax Internet gambling companies rather than prohibit A standard strategy to avoid laws that prohibit, restrict or aggressively tax gambling is to place activity just outside the jurisdiction that applies them, in a legal environment more favorable to gambling.
Most Gaming Control Boards have full authority to hear and decide civil cases brought before them by the enforcement agency and are therefore considered to be quasi-judicial bodies.
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